Medical courses have been one of the most popular courses among students. Every year, aspirants prepare for medical entrance exams, like NEET to secure a seat in India’s top government or private medical colleges that are located in various cities throughout the country. These medical colleges provide many medical courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral levels. After qualifying for the NEET examination, students will have the option to choose any degree for medical courses, like BDS, MBBS, MD, MS, etc. in order to get admission to one of the top government medical colleges in India.
Every year the list of approved medical colleges in the country is updated by the Government of India. Since the year 2016, the Government of India has decided to centralize the entrance examination for admissions in government or private medical colleges in India. Hence, the Government has brought every other entrance exam under one roof which is known as NEET.
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“Top 20 Hospitals in India” [link to article]
About 15% of MBBS and BDS seats in medical colleges are reserved for the All India Quota. Also, 85% of seats are State Quota. As per the report generated by the Medical Council of India, there are about 845 medical colleges that offer 1,03,877 seats under NEET-UG score across the country. Medical aspirants preparing for NEET should prepare well for the examination to get into one of the top government medical colleges in India.
List of 20 Best Government-Owned Medical Colleges of India
It is almost all medical aspirants wish to secure seats in one of the top government medical colleges in India. These prestigious colleges are very known for promoting authentic research, imparting quality education, and giving immense learning scope to undergraduate medical students.
Below is the list of top government medical colleges in India as per recent statistics, but may be subject to change with time.
1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences -(AIIMS)
Location: New Delhi
AIIMS in New Delhi is ranked the top government medical college and super speciality hospital in India. The government institute offers courses to undergraduate (MBBS), postgraduate (MD, MS, MDS, M.Ch., etc.) and doctoral students. The clinical exposures at AIIMS are unmatched. The hospitals treat around 3.5 million patients every year. It is known for charging the subsidised tuition fees amount. This government medical institute offers various courses like Bachelor of Optometry, Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of Medicine. MD/MS (Master of Surgery), MDS and MD in Hospital Administration also. In addition to these courses, there are several other courses that are offered to students in various streams, such as Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology, Nursing, Nuclear Medicine Technology etc.
2. Armed Forces Medical College-(AFMC)
Armed Forces Medical College is a well-known premier medical institute in India acknowledged as a centre of excellence for education and research. The college also provides training to under-graduate and post-graduate medical and nursing students with assured career prospects in the defence services.
The institute was set up on 1st May 1948 by the recommendations of the BC Roy Committee by the amalgamation of various defence medical organizations. The “Graduate Wing” of AFMC was established on 4th August 1962 to provide a sustainable and steady intake of medical officers for the Indian Armed Forces. The institute is presently affiliated with the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences and is recognised by the MCI for conducting undergraduate and various post-graduate medical courses.
3. Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute-(BMCRI)
Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute is an autonomous institution affiliated with the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. It was founded in 1955 and was initially run by the Mysore Medical Education Society until 1956 when the institute was handed over to the Government of Karnataka and affiliated to Bangalore University and then to present Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences.
The Clinical Skills Centre on the BMCRI campus offers hands-on training in Microsurgery techniques applicable in various super specialities like laparoscopic surgery, neurosurgery, Plastic surgery, ENT surgery and Ophthalmology. The mentors at the centre include teaching faculty from BMCRI, other medical colleges and private practising surgeons.
4. BJ Medical College-(BJMC)
The Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, popularly known as BJ Medical College (BJMC), is a government medical college founded in 1946 in Pune, Maharashtra. B.J. Medical College and the allied Sassoon General Hospitals serve the needs of patients from urban and rural Pune. The college is also a major referral centre for many of the surrounding districts. The hospital has also facilities in medical specialities including a cardiac catheterization laboratory, CT imaging, upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy, etc.
The institute is also affiliated with the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS), Nasik. It offers training in pre-clinical, para-clinical, and clinical disciplines. The total duration of training is three years for degree (MD or MS) courses and two years for diploma courses. For undergraduate courses, the method of selection is competitive entrance examinations held at the state and national levels. In addition, there are some seats which are reserved for medical officers who have completed a pre-specified number of years of service in the rural areas of the state of Maharashtra.
The super speciality training course offered is MCh in Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (CVTS), plastic surgery, and neurosurgery. Admission to undergraduate (MBBS) course is given via NEET exam, at 15% All India Quota (AQI).
5. Christian Medical College-(CMC)
The college came into existence in the year 1900 and is an autonomous institution. The college has always occupied a top spot among the list of best private medical colleges in India for MBBS. The college has also been known for its Medical establishments in India such as performing the first bone marrow transplant in 1986, the first kidney transplant in 1971, and the first open heart surgery in 1961 among others.
Its campus is both Rural and Urban & is spread across 200 acres. The current Director of the Institute is Peter John Victor. Popularly known as CMC, it is affiliated with Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University which is based in Chennai. The college has 100 seats for the course MBBS. The candidates need to crack the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) with a good rank in order to get admission to the college.
6. Grant Government Medical College (GGMC) and Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals
Grant Government Medical College is a public medical college that is affiliated with the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences. The institute was founded in 1845 and it is one of the oldest institutions that teach medicine in India. Its clinical affiliate is Sir Jamshedjee Jeejeebhoy Group of Hospitals, which is a conglomerate of four hospitals in South Mumbai, including the Sir J. J. Hospital, St. George Hospital, Gokuldas Tejpal Hospital, and Cama and Albless Hospital (for women and children).
Grant Govt. Medical College & Sir J. J. Group of Hospitals stands apart amongst all the medical colleges in Maharashtra because of its unique leadership in medical training and health care. The institute provides undergraduate and postgraduate medical training and health care ranging from specialities to super-specialities along with tertiary care to patients that provides enhanced standards of medical education and health care.
7. Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences-(ILBS)
Location: New Delhi
The ILBS (Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences) is a mono-super speciality hospital for liver and biliary diseases. It was founded in the year 2009 and was established by the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The institute has been given the status of deemed university by UGC, India. The Institute of Liver and Biliary has a total enrolment of 24.
There are various specialities provided by ILBS which include Nephrology, Oncology, and Cardiology, along with other liver-related specialities like Paediatric Hepatology, Pulmonary Medicine, Renal Transplant, Urology and Radiology.
8. Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University-(IMS-BHU)
Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University is a government medical college in India. The college was founded in the year 1960 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The institute offers undergraduate and postgraduate level courses to students and comprises three faculties, Faculty of Medicine, Dental Sciences, and Ayurveda. The three major functions of the institute are to impart quality education in undergraduate and postgraduate medical and paramedical courses, to be a trend-setter in medical research and to offer patient care of high order. The institute is approved by the Medical Council of India (MCI) under the Government of India.
The Institute of Medical Sciences is the medical school of the university and like other institutions forming BHU, it is residential and co-educational. On the basis of merit through NEET, The candidate will get admission to BAMS, MBBS and BDS courses. Admission to Nursing courses is through exams conducted at the university level.
9. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research-(JIPMER)
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) in Puducherry was founded in the year 1823 by the French government and is one of the oldest government medical colleges in India. The college offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in 37 different disciplines. This institution was established for teaching, research and patient care in the area of health. The institution also holds a working hospital which provides inexpensive medical treatment to a large number of patients.
The institute is funded by the central government with the autonomy to run its own administration. For admission to JIPMER, Puducherry, students have to clear the entrance test conducted by the college.
10. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC) | AMU
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University was founded in 1962 and is one of the oldest government medical colleges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The college is a statutory body of the Aligarh Muslim University. JNMC Aligarh offers various courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and diploma levels. It is one of the top-rated medical colleges in Uttar Pradesh.
The College has an intake of 150 MBBS and 146 postgraduate students and is successfully running undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in almost all specialities as well as Diploma in Nursing and Para Medical Courses. The college consists of 25 departments and 3 Centres. This college also has one of the oldest institutes of Ophthalmology in the country. The various departments of the college have sufficient teaching faculty as per their statuary governing bodies. The faculty consists of 240 qualified and well-experienced teachers. The college has an environment oriented toward “learning”.
11. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College-(JNMC)
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC) is a government medical college that was founded in 1963 in Belgaum, Karnataka and is one of the oldest medical colleges in the state of Karnataka. The institute is a constituent medical school of KLE University.
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (JNMC) Belgaum was earlier affiliated with the state unitary Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS). Aside from providing MBBS and MD courses, the college also offers about 42 courses to students. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College is approved by the Medical Council of India and has 200 seats for MBBS.
12. King George’s Medical University
King George’s Medical University is one of the renowned institutions in Uttar Pradesh. In the year 1911, It was established by King George V, the then Prince of Wales. The medical institute was formerly known as the Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University.
The medical institute is known for providing good infrastructure and facilities. The college offers both undergraduate courses and postgraduate courses like MBBS, M.D, BDS, and MDS.
13. Lady Hardinge Medical College
Location: New Delhi
Lady Hardinge Medical College is a government-owned medical college for women. It was founded in 1916 in Connaught Place, New Delhi. However, its super speciality hospital is open to treating both male and female patients. The college has two teaching hospitals which are Smt. Kalawati Saran Child Hospital and Sucheta Kriplani Hospital. The institute provides over a dozen departments for students to study medicine. A few of these include the respective Departments for Physiotherapy, Anatomy, Biochemistry, Forensic Medicine, Microbiology, Dental Surgery, Neurology, Pharmacology, Paediatric Surgery, and so forth.
The college and hospital also provide tertiary-level medical facilities to the city. The college’s Department of Microbiology is internationally acclaimed for its salmonella phage typing, and it is a World Health Organisation (WHO) collaborating centre for reference and training in streptococcal diseases for South East Asia.
14. Maulana Azad Medical College-(MAMC)
Maulana Azad Medical College offers MBBS, BDS, MD and MS degrees and postgraduate residency courses for super speciality/sub-speciality fellowship degrees of M.Ch and DM. The Institutes offering degrees in nursing and pharmacy are also attached to the college. There are above 30 courses being offered in MAMC in the Medical Stream. Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research is a sister institute which is located within the campus and provides courses in super specialities and basic subjects. Post Doctoral courses in Paediatric surgery and Neonatology are also available at MAMC. Post Doctoral courses in other specialities like GI Surgery, Cardiology etc. are available at GB Pant Hospital as well.
There are a total of four hospitals that are situated on the college campus and attached to the college. These include Lok Nayak Jay Prakash Hospital, GB Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences and Guru Nanak Eye Centre, respectively.
15. Patna Medical College and Hospital-(PMCH)
Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH) is a government medical college and super speciality hospital affiliated with Aryabhatta Knowledge University. The institute was founded in 1925 in Bihar’s capital city, Patna, and it was then called the Prince of Wales Medical College. However, its history dates back to 1874, when the institute was established as Temple Medical School.
PMCH is one of the oldest medical colleges in Asia and its hospital is one of the busiest hospitals in India. The medical college can rightly claim to be the torch bearer of medical education in the state of Bihar. Their postgraduate courses were started in 1932. Postgraduate teaching in Orthopedics, Physiology, Gynecology and Radiotherapy was first started in this institution in the whole of undivided India. Vertical and Horizontal integrated teaching and weekly seminars are the regular features in this institution.
16. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research-(PGIMER)
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh is a government medical college founded in 1962 in Chandigarh, Punjab.
PGIMER offers educational, research, medical and training facilities to its students in India. In addition to providing postgraduate courses, the institute also offers super speciality courses. The PGIMER provides quality medical care to a large number of patients on a daily basis. Admission to the courses is made on merit on an all-India basis by holding an entrance examination by the PGIMER.
17. St. John’s Medical College
St. John’s Medical College is a government medical college and hospital that was founded in 1963 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The institute is an apex body of the Catholic Bishops Conference of India (CBCI) which is the largest non-governmental contributor to health care in India. The college offers graduate (MBBS), postgraduate (MD/MS), super speciality (DM/MCh) and various Diploma courses- all of which are recognised by the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS), Bengaluru, Karnataka.
The college offers the four-and-a-half-year M.B.B.S. course with a one-year compulsory rotating internship. There are 150 seats which are filled through the NEET exam.
18. Seth GS Medical College
Generally called the King Edward Memorial (KEM) Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College (GSMC) is a government-owned medical college and super speciality hospital in India. The institute was founded in 1926 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
It is amongst the leading teaching and medical care-providing institutions in India. The medical college provides training to over a thousand students in undergraduate, postgraduate and super speciality medical courses; in undergraduate and postgraduate physical and occupational therapy; master’s and PhD courses in various allied specialities. A nursing school is also maintained by the two institutions.
19. University College of Medical Sciences-(UCMS)
University College of Medical Sciences was founded in 1971 in New Delhi. The institute is affiliated with the University of Delhi. The institute is associated with Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital which serves as the training hospital. The Institute provides modern technological facilities and the best service to its patients. MBBS, BDS, MDS, MS, and Diploma are the courses offered here. The aim of the institute is at imparting excellent medical teaching as well as healthcare facilities. Their Paramedical courses offered include B.Sc(Medical Technology), and Radiography. Diploma course in Nursing (GTB Hospital), and as well as Medical Laboratory In-service Training.
The college offers medical and paramedical courses and caters to the health care needs of people, especially those living in the East Delhi community and its surrounding border areas. There are twenty-one departments at the college consisting of Anaesthesiology, Anatomy, Biochemistry, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Community Medicine, Dentistry, Dermatology, Forensic Medicine, Medicine, Microbiology and Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Otorhinolaryngology, Paediatrics, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychiatry, Radiology, and Surgery.
20. Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital-(VMMC-SJH)
Location: New Delhi
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (VMMC) was established in 2001 in New Delhi and is attached to the prominent Safdarjung Hospital for clinical indoctrinating. It is the largest government hospital with the latest facilities. The medical college is affiliated with Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU), Delhi. It offers an excellent infrastructure and the labs are fully equipped.
The college has also a faculty in the pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical disciplines. About 25 courses are offered here including undergraduate, postgraduate and super speciality courses. The institute has an intake of more than 700 students per year.
Medical aspirants should work hard for NEET to get admission to one of these top medical colleges in India. The candidates should collect all the important and necessary information about these colleges before getting admission to one.